Introduction to Jewish People

January 14, 2013 Back

Most of the world has heard of Jewish biblical figures such as Abraham, Moses and Isaiah.  However, there have been important Jewish figures over the course of history that have affected nearly all ares of knowledge, such as science, history and literature.  In addition, Jews have made major contributions to the entertainment industry.  Others totally changed the world with their efforts against anti-Semitism and work towards the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948.

Religious Figures

There have been numerous Jewish religious figures who were quite well known.  One example is Maimonides, known to Jews as the Rambam who was known for his contributions the world of Philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, in addition to being a Talmudic scholar and the author of one of the most important Jewish legal corpuses.  Maimonides was also known as a doctor who treated the ruling families of Egypt.  Another well-known religious figure who had other contributions is the Vilna Gaon who wrote a book on Geometry and invented Kramer’s Law.  Some famous Rabbis include Rashi, Abraham Ibn Ezra, Samson Raphael Hirsch, the Lubavitcher Rebbe – Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, and Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, the Satmar Rebbe known for his anti-Zionist views.

Zionism

The foundation of the state of Israel was an event that totally changed the world.  There were numerous figures who contributed to the creation of the state of Israel, both known and unknown.  Some of the well known figures include Theodor Herzl, David Ben Gurion and Ze’ev Jabotinsky as well as Menachem Begin.  But there were other figures as well, such as Rabbis Meir Bar Ilan and Zvi Hirsch Kalischer as well as Joseph Trumpeldor and Joseph Hazanovitch.

Israeli Figures

There are hundreds of Israelis who have changed the world since the state’s foundation in 1948.  Many are politicians, scientists and authors, but also include religious figures and military leader.  Some of the important politicians and military leaders include Golda Meir and Moshe Dayan.  Recently, Israeli scientists and literature figures have been on the forefront for their advancements in scientific research and ground-breaking, controversial literature.

World Figures

Obviously, there are Jews who are well known simply because of their achievements and the fact  that they were Jewish.  One such example is Albert Einstein, whose theory of relatively is known all over the world.  Other well known figures include movie producer Steven Spielberg and Jonas Salk, the inventor of  the polio vaccine that has improved the lives of billions.

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